From 1998 to 2012 Finnish ‘Nokia’ phones were a much loved world beater until overtaken by the smart phone. Nokia was based on Simbian software, while the new smart phones used Apple or Google’s Android software. Following Microsoft’s acquisition of Nokia, the phones – now called ‘Lumia’- use Window’s software.
What is rarely appreciated is that Android software is based on Linux software, as first developed by Finnish born Linus Torvalds. Linux software remains freely available for PCs as an alternative to the Windows suites of programmes. Its distribution is made difficult as PC manufacturers have agreed with Microsoft to pre-install Windows on new PCs, leaving customers to feel a pressure to install Windows rather than seek out Linux.
Microsoft introduced the Nokia Lumia phone in 2011. In November 2014 Microsoft launched the Lumia 535, finally dropping the ‘Nokia’ brand name. Out of interest ‘lumi’ means ‘snow’ in Finnish and Estonian.
The Nokia Corporation continues as a formidable telecommunications and electronics company employing over 100,000 people worldwide.